The history and features of islam

However, over time the teachings of the various religions, due to a variety of reasons, have become distorted and mixed with made-man ideas. God is described in chapter of the Quran as: While the Quran alone is considered sacred scripture, the Sunna, in its written form hadith, is also part of the Islamic canon.

In Islam, God is beyond all comprehension and thus Muslims are not expected to visualise or anthropomorphise him.

At that time, every person will be raised from the dead. Due to this fact, Islam does not ask man to accept irrational, ludicrous or man-made doctrines about God. In some verses, there is stress on the quality of Islam as an internal spiritual state: Although the Umayyad family came from the city of MeccaDamascus was the capital.

Essential to Islam is the belief that Allah is the one and true God with no partner or equal. This belief does not contradict the idea of free will. Yazid reigned for only six months, while various groups refused allegiance and dissident movements arose, after which he died.

In the Hasan—Muawiya treatyHasan ibn Ali handed over power to Muawiya on the condition that he would be just to the people and not establish a dynasty after his death.

Islam expanded almost immediately beyond its birthplace in the Arabian peninsula, and now has significant influence in Africa, throughout Asia, Europe, and the Americas.

The Bayt al-mal, the Welfare State then continued under the Abbasids.

Unique Features of Islam

It is recited in every formal prayer in the Arabic language. Belief in angels is fundamental to the faith of Islam.

Additionally the Bayt al-mal and the Welfare State expenses to assist the Muslim and the non-Muslim poor, needy, elderly, orphans, widows, and the disabled, increased, the Umayyads asked the new converts mawali to continue paying the poll tax. Anti-Umayyad feeling was very prevalent, especially in Iran and Iraq.

At first Muhammad divulged his experience only to his wife and his immediate circle. The Abbasids had gained much support. They are 1 the creed Shahada2 daily prayers Salah3 almsgiving Zakat4 fasting during Ramadan Sawm and 5 the pilgrimage to Mecca Hajj at least once in a lifetime.

History of Islam

The most important teaching of Islam is that only God is to be served and worshipped. Al-Walid II saw political intrigue during his reign. Originally the site of the Kaabah, a shrine of ancient origins, Mecca had, with the decline of southern Arabia, become an important center of sixth-century trade with such powers as the Sassanians, Byzantines, and Ethiopians.

Core of the Quran: To convert to the faith of Islam, a person has to say this statement. On the one hand, Islam does not preach complete rejection of all worldly pleasures in view of the life hereafter; and on the other hand it does not teach that earthly life is just for pleasure and enjoyment.

The Bayt al-mal ran for hundreds of years under the Rashidun Caliphate in the 7th century and continued through the Umayyad period and well into the Abbasid era. He appointed governors and asserted his authority by force. It provides an interesting comparison since modern Jews and Christians do not have similar uniformity in their belief systems.

He expanded the frontiers of the empire, reaching the edge of Constantinople at one point, though the Byzantines drove him back and he was unable to hold any territory in Anatolia.

A Brief History of Islam (part 1 of 5): The Prophet of Islam

He was killed in the Battle of Karbala the same year, in an event still mourned by Shia on the Day of Ashura. According to the teachings of Islam, God is always ready to bestow His abundant Grace and Mercy on anyone who turns to Him in repentance.

To be close to the poor, he lived in a simple mud hut without doors and walked the streets every evening. After the sermon, Muhammad ordered the Muslims to pledge allegiance to Ali ; Abu BakrUmarand Uthman were among those pledged allegiance to Ali at this event.

In Islam, it is the duty of the wealthy to help the poor and needy.Sep 11,  · Islam began in Arabia and was revealed to humanity by the Prophet Muhammad.

Islam and Islamic History and The Middle East

Those who follow Islam are called Muslims. Muslims believe that there is.

Core Values of Islam

The history of Islam concerns the political, social, economic and cultural developments of the Islamic civilization. Despite concerns about the reliability of early sources, most historians [1] believe that Islam originated in Mecca and Medina at the start of the 7th century, approximately years after the founding of Christianity.

Islam and Islamic History and The Middle East. By and the site of the momentous events which initiated Islamic history fourteen centuries ago. In the sixteenth century three Muslim empires are at or close to the pinnacle of their power and brilliance: the Ottomans under Suleiman the Magnificent, Safavid Persia under Shah Abbas the.

A Brief History of Islam (part 4 of 5): The Caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar; A Brief History of Islam (part 5 of 5): The Caliphate of Uthman ibn Affan changing font size, and more. These features are based on cookies and will work correctly only when you use the same computer.

To enable these features from any computer, you should. Islamic History 23 articles. In Brief 15 articles; In Detail 8 articles; Systems in Islam 74 articles Core Values of Islam.

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Unique Features of Islam. than Almighty God and to submit to His will has been revealed by God to all of His prophets throughout mankind's long history. The pure essence of the beliefs and teachings that were revealed by God to the Prophet Muhammad are the same as God taught to Abraham, who was one of the earliest and .

The history and features of islam
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