Fredrich Engels also contributed to development the works. He did, however, agree that religion promotes solidarity. Religion is born out of a need for comfort, it does just this by cushioning the effect of worker oppression.
Examples such as the political influence of the religious right in the United States today and the historical Crusades show the powerful effect religion can have on human society. In his study of such organizations, William Julius Wilson found that faith-based organizations from California to Massachusetts are becoming agents of social reform.
From a functionalist view the inequality in society is seen to be functional and that authority is given to those who can satisfy social needs and high rewards to those in functionally important positions.
Perhaps in a way, Marxism is perhaps a little more realistic than functionalism. Instead of being allowed to practice their traditional African religions, slaves were instead pushed to adapt Christian religions. Though Durkheim proposed this theory almost a century ago, much of it remains relevant today.
How to Write a Summary of an Article? Like other aspects of culture, religious organizations and beliefs also serve several important functions in holding society together. The employer to employee relationship of exploitation is concealed by ideology.
Role in society was extremely important; it was traditional and genders specific. These changes only come about when society requests it.
Social change in Functionalism occurs when one of the institutions alters in some way.
In addition, it examines some studies that have been conducted from both perspectives. By ensuring these needs are met, religion reinforces collective values and promotes solidarity. There would be no new force of production but the relations of production will be transformed.
Functionalist perspective Explanation of functionalist perspective and studies Functionalist sociologists believe see society as akin to an organism, composed of different but interrelated systems. For its manifest functions, sociologist Emile Durkheim wrote that religion serves to divide the world between the sacred and the profane.
By preaching about the rewards of obedience and faith, the colonizers were able to secure the cooperation of native populations and, in many cases, to discourage dissent.
High-profile interfaith memorial services with leaders from Christian, Buddhist, Islamic and Jewish faiths were planned to for people to both come together in collective grief and to affirm that we are all Americans.
The author notes that Methodism helped to stem the development of worker dissent by transferring the shifting the attention of workers from discontent and towards religious fervor. According to Hunter, the country is currently being divided on emotional issues such as abortion and same sex marriage.
It is interesting how Functionalists see people as unequal a positive thing and Marxists believe it a negative one.Functionalist and Marxist Theories of Stratification Essay.
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The functionalist theory of stratification is more relevant ; Functionalist And Marxist Perspective On Religion. Fredrich Engels also contributed to development the works. Marxism offered a radical alternative to the functionalism perspective and was developed in the s.
Both perspectives of Marx and Durkheim, aspired for a Utopian society.
Functionalism views society like a biological organism. Functionalism and Marxism Essay Sample. Functionalism and Marxism are traced back to theories adopted by sociologists in the nineteenth century.
Marxism came from the German philosopher Karl Marx (), whereas Functionalism was originally derived by Auguste Compte (). It was then developed further by Emile Durkheim. In her study of religion in England, Meredith McGuire () applied a Marxist perspective to this issue.
She observes that even though periods of unrest swept through much of Western Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries, much of England remained quiet.
Compare the main assumptions of the Functionalist and Marxist perspectives on religion. _____ “Religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.”.
Assess the usefulness of functionalist theories in understanding religion today (33 marks) Functionalists have put forward their perspective on religion and how it benefits both society and the individual starting with how religion brings people together harmoniously, creating social cohesion and a sense of belonging as people believe in the same thing .Download