Due to their double use properties, some chemical weapons may be masked as pesticides, fertilizers, dyes, herbicides, or defoliants.
It is believed that the Iraqis also sought to contaminate the seawater used in desalination plants salt removal facilities that supply most of Saudi Arabia with freshwater. This in turn can cause kidney damage, cancers in the lung and bone, non-malignant respiratory decease, skin disorders, neurocognitive disorders, chromosomal damage, and birth defects .
Update and published inthe links between Agent Orange exposure and cancer were listed as shown. All major food crops come in a number of varieties, each usually suited to specific climate and soil conditions.
During that war, both soldiers and civilians were targets of chemical weapons. Over chilled water and tangerines, we talk to a suspicious party secretary who asks us why we have bothered to come after all these years.
A special case takes v Depleted Uranium Ammunition, which can be considered a biological or a radiological weapon. That year, Kiem was born in a one-room hut in Kim Doi, a village just outside Hue.
Every year his problems get worse. Aum had attempted to purchase expertise in Russia and obtain or purchase disease strains in Japan. Dr Hung is now working with a team of Canadian environmental scientists, Hatfield Consultants, and they have made an alarming discovery.
We arrive at a distant commune where a handyman is sprucing up a bust of Ho Chi Minh with white gloss paint. US military regulations required all spray planes or helicopters to return to base empty and one pilot, formerly stationed at Bien Hoa air base between andclaims that he regularly jettisoned his chemical load into the Long Binh reservoir.
In particular, Agent Orange was sprayed at a rate of about Ensuring safety from biological and toxin weapons is a more complex issue than totally prohibiting chemical or nuclear weapons. Here, shelves are overburdened with research materials.
This is due to the character of the relevant technologies. What I care about is that I have 60 sick children needing financial backers.
In consequence, the urban population in South Vietnam nearly tripled, growing from 2. In one study, ninety-two percent of participants suffered incessant fatigue; others reported abortions and monstrous births.
The latter point may be illustrated by the double use of Zyklon B or Cyclon B in Englishthat is used as fumigant for the purpose of pest and vermin control. The United States sided with and supplied the South Vietnamese in the early s and joined their military efforts against the North in There is no hard proof of this, but his father, who sits beside the bed, talks of being sprayed with defoliants when he fought with the Viet Cong.
Innegotiators for various nations met at a Chemical Weapons Convention and agreed to the destruction of all chemical weapons within a 10 to 15 year period following ratification of a chemical weapons treaty.
The most commonly used defoliant, a mixture of herbicides containing the toxic dioxin and known as Agent Orangewas later revealed to cause serious health issues—including tumors, birth defects, rashes, psychological symptoms and cancer—among returning U.
These above efficiencies assume, however, that chemical and biological agents can be spread over a large surface and reach the ground level, whereas nuclear weapons can be exploded at any predetermined altitude and on ground level with the desired efficiency.
One particularly common menace was the punji stake trap, a bed of sharpened bamboo stakes that was concealed in a pit for enemy soldiers to stumble across. What should we do?
CS was not regarded as toxic to humans and was intended only to make an area uninhabitable for 15 to 45 days. Writing in to a member of Congress investigating Agent Orange, Clary admitted: Detailed information on the history of the US Offensive Biological Warfare Program between and can be found in ref.
A common artillery weapon, previously used in World War II, was the mm howitzer, which could be towed behind a truck or carried by helicopter and dropped into position.
Severe ecological effects of herbicide spraying were also observed in the biodiverse upland forests of Vietnam, especially its rain forests. Health effects[ edit ] The most illustrative effects of Agent Orange upon the Vietnamese people are the health effects.
This is an ordinary hamlet where, in these new liberal times, villagers like to argue about the English Premiership football results over a glass of home-brewed rice beer.
It soon became obvious that Kiem was severely mentally and physically disabled.Chemical weapons have been used throughout history, but in the Vietnam War they had a great impact.
The chemical weapons use the toxic properties of chemical substances instead of explosive properties to produce physical or physiological effects on an enemy. Agent Orange is a chemical weapon most notably used by the U.S.
Military during the Vietnam War, classified as defoliant. Its primary purpose was strategic deforestation, destroying the forest cover and food resources necessary for the implementation and sustainability of the North Vietnamese style of guerilla warfare.
Aug 21, · Watch video · The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.
The use of Agent Orange has been controversial in New Zealand, because of the exposure of New Zealand troops in Vietnam and because of the production of Agent Orange for Vietnam and other users at an Ivon Watkins-Dow.
The orphans of Agent Orange: Fifty years on, children suffer from the horrific effects of America’s use of chemical weapons during the Vietnam War.
Vietnam War: The Impact Remains The Vietnam War ended decades ago, but its impact on the Vietnamese people still remains. The heavy bombing mission, the chemical warfare, and the mark of war on veterans still have strong effect on Vietnamese citizens.Download